№ 2, 2018

 

Research article:

1. Bakhtin, Viktor Viktorovich, Ashmarov, Igor Anatol’evich


"Research Activities of the Voronezh Society of Naturalists"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 3-9.


Date of publication: 30 March, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

The article analyzes the activities of the Voronezh Society of Naturalists. In November 1918, members of the Yuryev Society of Naturalists at the University of Yuryev (“UOE”) created the Voronezh Society of Naturalists, considering it a successor to the previous, founded in 1853. The revolutionary upheavals and events of the civil war adversely affected the functioning of science. The society suffered significant human losses — part of the teachers left the city including parts of the white armies, the others died of hunger. Replenishment of the numerical strength was due to local scientific and pedagogical personnel.

In the article, we characterize the organizational activities of the chairpersons of the society - prominent figures of science such as: B.I. Sreznevsky, N.N. Bogolyubov, B.M. Kozo-Polyansky, I.I. Barabash-Nikiforov and some others members. The main directions of scientific research carried out by the member of the Voronezh Society of Naturalists, are considered. The society made a significant contribution to the scientific, pedagogical and social life of the Central Black Earth region.

 

Keywords: Voronezh University, Yuriev University, Yuriev Society of Naturalists, scientific societies, naturalists.

 

Reference List

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Barabash-Nikiforov I.I., (1949) From the history of the Voronezh Society of Naturalists. Bulletin of the Society of Naturalists at the Voronezh State University. 1949. T. 6 (anniversary issue). Pp. 5-12. (in Russ).

Blokh A.M., (2005) Soviet Union in the interior of the Nobel Prizes. Data. Documentation. Reflections. Comments. Moscow: Fizmatlit. 880 p. (in Russ).

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Ershov, B.A., (2012) The Russian Orthodox Church in the system of public relations in the XIX– early XX centuries. (on materials of Central-Black earth Provinces) dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences / Kursk State University. 412 p. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) Historiographical aspects of the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and state structures in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX-early XX centuries. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Technical University. Series "Humanities". Pp. 188-192. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) State legal regulation of the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX -early XX centuries Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, culturology and arthistory. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 75-78. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2013) Russian Orthodox Church in the structure of public administration in the XIX -early XX centuries: Monograph "Voronezh State Technical University. 245 p. (in Russ).

Fet V. (2012) To the history of the study of symbiogenesis: the translation into English of the book of B. M. Kozo-Polyansky "The New Principle of Biology" (1924) // Studies in the History of Biology. Pp. 125-129. (in Russ).

Kamyshev N.S., (1949) Botanical studies of the Voronezh and neighboring regions, made by members of the Voronezh Society of Naturalists Bulletin of the Society of Naturalists at the Voronezh State University. Pp. 13-25. (in Russ).

Karpachev M.D., (2013) Voronezh University: Milestones of History. 1918-2013. Voronezh: publishing house of Voronezh State University. 560 p. (in Russ).

Kozo-Polyansky B., (2010) Symbiogenesis: A New Principle of Evolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

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Perevozchikova L.S., Ershov B.A., Ashmarov I.A., Volkova E.A. (2017) Role of Russian Orthodox Church in life of peasants in Russia in XIX - the beginning of the XX-th centuries. Bylye Gody Russian Historical Journal. №. 43 (1). Pp. 121-128. (in Russ).

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Shchelkanovtsev, J.P., (1926) To the knowledge of fauna of mosquitoes of the southeastern part of the RSFSR // Bulletin of the Society of Naturalists at the Voronezh State University. Pp. 123-135. (in Russ).

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Steppes of the Central Black Earth region (steppe hayfields and pastures) (1931). 327 p. (in Russ).

The State Archives of the Russian Federation (GARF). (in Russ).

Download_Bahtin 2018.pdf


doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529410

 

Review article:

2. Ashmarov, Igor Anatolievich


"The State-Legal Doctrine of M.T. Cicero"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 10-18.


Date of publication: 23 May, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

In the article, the state legal doctrine of Cicero is stated. He was an unusual politician and an outstanding speaker. His political analysis deserves a special attention to the study of research, to this day, engaged in the study of politics and political science.

The legacy of Cicero is very rich and rich in its versatility. The study of the works of Cicero will help us to follow the path to the rule of law and genuine democratic statehood. Cicero is a true Socrates of political science. Political scientists of all universities in the world should study his theoretical legacy.

 

Keywords: The state-legal doctrine, political relations and the institution of the state, the best and the worse forms of the state in antiquity.

 

Reference List

Cicero M.T., (1999) About the state. About the laws. About old age. About friendship. About duties. Speeches. Letters. Pp. 740-742. (in Russ).

Ashmarov, I.A., (1999) Domestic science on the formation of early class society and the state among the ancient Greeks. Uchenye zapiski. Release 1. Voronezh: Publishing house of college «Nomos». Pp. 10-18. (in Russ).

Ashmarov, I.A., (2001) Archaic tyranny. Proceedings of young scientists: a scientific journal. Issue 1. Voronezh: Voronezh State University. Pp. 244-248. (in Russ).

Ashmarov, I.A., (2001) Tyranny of the 4th BC. Proceedings of young scientists: a scientific journal. Issue 1. Voronezh: Voronezh State University. Pp. 249-252. (in Russ).

Ashmarov, I.A., (2004) The Genesis of Tyranny in Ancient Greek Society Nortia: Inter. collection of scientific works. Issue 4. Voronezh: Publishing house of the college «Nomos», 2004. Pp. 172-177. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., Ashmarov, I.A. (2018) Ancient Roman Thinkers about Politics, Power, the State. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2018-04-20. URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/E102761V1 (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) The Russian Orthodox Church in the system of public relations in the XIX – early XX centuries. (on materials of Central-Black earth Provinces) dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences / Kursk State University. 412 p. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) Historiographical aspects of the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and state structures in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX -early XX centuries. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Technical University. Series «Humanities». Pp. 188-192. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) State legal regulation of the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX - early XX centuries. Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, culturology and arthistory. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 75-78. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2013) Russian Orthodox Church in the structure of public administration in the XIX – early XX centuries: Monograph. «Voronezh State Technical University. 245 p. (in Russ).

Grimal P. (1991) Cicero. - Tom. 717. Moscow: «Molodaya Gvardiya», 1991. 544 p. (in Russ).

Marshalok N.V. (2011) Winged phrases of Cicero. Russian justice. № 8 (64). Pp. 100-101. (in Russ).

Nersesyants V.S. (2010) History of political and legal doctrines: a textbook / V.S. Nersesyants. Moscow: «Norma» Publishing. 944 p. URL: http://library.khpg.org/files/docs/1380635715.pdf (reference date: 20.04.2018) (in Russ).

Omelchenko О.А., (2010) History of political and legal doctrines (History of the doctrines on the state and law): a textbook for universities / O.A. Omelchenko. - Moscow: «Exmo» Publishing. 576 p. (in Russ).

Panevin K.V., (1998) History of Ancient Rome. - Moscow: Polygon. 896 p. (in Russ).

Perevozchikova L.S., Ershov B.A., Ashmarov I.A., Volkova E.A. (2017) Role of Russian Orthodox Church in life of peasants in Russia in XIX - the beginning of the XX-th centuries // Bylye Gody. Russian Historical Journal. № 43 (1). Pp. 121-128. (in Russ).

Political theory and political practice / Ed. A.A. Migolatiev. - Moscow: «GITIS», 1994. 406 p. (in Russ).

Utchenko S.L., (1986) Cicero and his time / Editor N. Kalashnikovа. Moscow: «Mysl» Publishers. 352 p. (in Russ).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529412

 

Review article:

3. Ershov, Bogdan Anatolievich, Ashmarov, Igor Anatolievich


"Interaction of the Orthodox Church and the State in Russia at the Present Stage"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 19-24.


Date of publication: 12 June, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

The article examines the relationship of church and secular authorities at the present stage in the Russian state. It is shown that, after decades of forced isolation, the Russian Orthodox Church is gradually beginning to take the most energetic part in the moral development of Russian society. Particular attention is paid to the doctrine of the Russian Church, which identifies important principles of spiritual regeneration, which will guide the Church in its relations with government institutions in the future.

The scientific problem resolved in the article reveals the need for a historical analysis of the relationship between the Church and society. This helps to determine the meaning and place of the Orthodox Church in the existing moral and social environment, as well as to determine the objective status of the state in the world system in accordance with the principles of the Orthodox faith.

 

Keywords: Church, State, Society, Nation, Faith, Moral Foundations of Public Policy, Globalization.

 

Reference List

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Dzhoraeva SV, Medvedko S.V., (1996) The attitude of Russian political parties to the religious issue. Pp. 12-76. (in Russ).

Ershov B.A., (2010) Church landmark of the Russian province in the XIX century. Society. Environment. Development. Pp. 38-42. (in Russ).

Ershov B.A., (2013) Russian Orthodox Church in the structure of state administration in the XIX - beginning of the XX centuries. 245 p. (in Russ).

Ershov B.A., (2011) Social and psychological characteristics of the principles of the government central black soil in the XIX - the beginning of the XX century Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, culturology and art history. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 91-94. (in Russ).

Gordienko N.S., (1984) Evolution of Russian Orthodoxy (20-80s of XX century). 64 p. (in Russ).

Kanevsky K. G., (2005) The relationship of the secular school and religious associations: the legal aspect Pp. 28-30. (in Russ).

Kanevsky K.G., (2003) The social concept of the Russian Orthodox Church. Institute of the State through the eyes of Orthodox Christians Pp. 53-59. (in Russ).

Odintsov M. I., (1993) Religion, national Concord and revival of Russia. Pp. 99-106. (in Russ).

Mitrokhin, N., (2004) Russian Orthodox Church: contemporary condition and current problems. 648 p. (in Russ).

Nabiev R. A. (1997) Theory and ideology of Church-state relations. Religion in contemporary society: history, problems, prospects Materials of international scientific-practical conference. Pp. 5-14. (in Russ).

Polorotov, N. N., (2000) The state and the Church: history and modernity. 124 p. (in Russ).

Zaluzhny A., (2005) Ensuring legality in the sphere of state-confessional relations and counteraction to extremism. Pp. 25-33. (in Russ).

Zhusubaliyev, M. A., (1995) the Russian Orthodox Church in the role of civil religion in post-Soviet Russia. Pp. 159-160. (in Russ).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529414

 

Research article:

4. Samuel A. Bassey


"Ambivalence Human Nature and Social Justice"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 25-32.


Date of publication: 30 September, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

Human nature is said to be ambivalent. We have clashing reactions, convictions, emotions towards something or somebody. We cherish and dislike, we acknowledge and dissect, we blow hot and cool at the same time and so on. We are comprised of inverse contradictory characteristics. This affect the way we relate with others and environment.

The problem of social justice can be seen to emanate from the above. It is due to this problem that government institutions was set up in place to checkmate this excesses. This paper is thusly an endeavor to scrutinize the problem of ambivalent human nature in the light of social justice. The paper contends that for us to ensure social justice, it is important that we rise beyond our ambivalent human nature. This can only be done if we attempt to ‘know ourselves’ as Socrates had advised and also ‘allow the limitation of our being be the source of our joy’.

 

Keywords: Ambivalence, Human Nature, Social Justice.

 

Reference List

Adolphs, Ralph (2010).“Emotion.” Current Biology 20(13) Pp. 549–52. (in Engl).

Asouzu, I. I (2003). Effective Leadership and the Ambivalence of Human Interest: The Nigerian Paradox in a Complimentary Perspective. Calabar: University of Calabar Press. Pp. 43-44. (in Engl).

Barney, Rachel. (2008). “Socrates’ Refutation of Thrasymachus.” In The Blackwell Guide to Plato’s Republic. Pp. 44–62. (in Engl).

Barrett, Lisa Feldman. (2006). “Solving the Emotion Paradox: Categorization and the Experience of Emotion.” Personality and Social Psychology Review 10(1). Pp. 20–46. (in Engl).

Bassey, Samuel. (2014). “A Critical Exposition of Plato’s Idea of Philosopher King.” The Leajon Journal Vol 6(1). Pp. 138. (in Engl).

Bauman, Zygmunt. (1990). “Modernity and Ambivalence.” Theory, Culture & Society 7(2). Pp. 143–69. (in Engl).

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Bowery, A.-M. (2007). “Know Thyself: Socrates as Storyteller.” In Philosophy in Dialogue: Plato’s Many Devices, 82–110. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-70449991829&partnerID=40&md5=702d202d83f7a6070fc2bf21cd1aa80f. (in Engl).

Cannon, W. B. (1987). “The James-Lange Theory of Emotions: A Critical Examination and an Alternative Theory. By Walter B. Cannon, 1927.” The American journal of psychology 100(3–4). Pp. 567–86. (in Engl).

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Gewirtz, Sharon. (2006). “Towards a Contextualized Analysis of Social Justice in Education.” Educational Philosophy and Theory 38(1): 69–81. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-5812.2006.00175.x. (in Engl).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529416

 

Research article:

5. Peter Bisong


"Which way Africa: Multiparty or one Party System of Government? a Move to Fashion a Democracy that is Truly African"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 33-38.


Date of publication: 30 September, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

Africa is on pressure to democratize. A major part of it, is already practicing democracy. Other parts are considering a switch to democracy. But the big question has remained unanswered. Which sort of democracy is best fitted for Africa? Should it be one party system or multi-party system? Opinions of scholars are divided on this.

This work using the philosophical methods of hermeneutics, criticisms and analysis shows the merits and demerits of each of these systems of government and concludes that none of them fits well the present socio-political and economic environment of Africa.

In the light of this, it recommends the no-party system of government as a veritable alternative to one party and multiparty systems. The no-party system overcomes the weaknesses of both the multiparty and one party systems and thus has a greater potential to lead Africa to its greatest quest - development. It holds the promise of making Africa independent not just in name but also in actuality.

 

Keywords: country, regime, conspiracy, population.

 

Reference List

Wamala E. (2004) “Government by consensus: An analysis of a traditional form of democracy”. A Companion to African Philosophy. ed. Kwasi Wiredu. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, (in English).

Taiwo O. (2004). “Post-independence African political philosophy”. A Companion to African Philosophy. ed. Kwasi Wiredu. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. (in English).

Kaunda K. (1966). “The Future of Nationalism.” Readings in African Political Thought. Ed. Mutiso and Rohio. London: Longman. (in English).

Nkrumah K. (1967). Class Struggle in Africa. London: Panaf. (in English).

Nyerere J. (1966). “Democracy and the Party System.” Readings in African Political Thought. Ed. Mutiso and Rohio. London: Longman. (in English).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529418

 

Research article:

6. Samuel Akpan BASSEY, Leonard NWOYE


"Environmental Ethics: From Fhilosophy to Movement"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 39-45.


Date of publication: 30 September, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

Environmental ethics is an area that investigates the subject of which ethical norms are suitable for governing human relations with the natural environment.

The association among humanity and her environment turn out to be an ethical dilemma amid the twentieth century, when accelerated economic and scientific development was convoyed by deep modifications in our global ecological systems. In response, environmental ethics calls for restrictions to this dichotomous association between man and nature.

This paper unites the existing literatures on environmental ethics, asking for a move from philosophical postulations to tangible action so as to save our world.

 

Keywords: legislation, environmental ethics, environmentalism.

 

Reference List

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Brennan, A. & Lo, Y. (2002). Environmental Ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Online at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-environmental/(in Engl).

Carson, Rachel. (1962). Silent Spring. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. (in Engl).

Earth First! Worldwide. (2010). Homepage. http://www.earthfirst.org/(in Engl).

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Light, A. & Rolston, H. (2003). Environmental Ethics: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell. (in Engl).

Peritore, N.P. (1999). Third World Environmentalism. University Press of Florida. (in Engl).

Thoreau, H.D. (1854). Walden. Project Gutenberg(in Engl).

Warshawsky, H. (2003). Environmental Leadership in Developing Countries: Transnational Relations and Biodiversity Policy in Costa Rica and Bolivia. Global Environmental Politics, 3(3), 114-116. (in Engl).

White, L. (1974). The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis. New York: Harper and Row. (in Engl).

Whitehall, J.K. (2008). Get on the Other Side of the Pump. Jutia Group. Online at http://jutiagroup.com/2008/09/12/get-on-the-other-side-of-the-pump/(in Engl).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529548

 

Research article:

7. Bozhko, Olga Vladimirovna, Zatcepin, Alexander Alexandrovich


"The Development of the Capitalistic Relationships in Russia in the Beginning of the XX-th Century"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 46-51.


Date of publication: 13 November, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

This article examines the problems of capitalist relations in the Russian economy, the influence of capital on state structures, and the development of capitalism in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century. The problem of the development of capitalism in Russia is viewed from the standpoint of the concept of a revolutionary period. Concrete revolutions should be viewed as a manifestation of the processes of stagnation of the Russian economy.

Despite the noticeable development of certain heavy industries and the intensive construction of railways, Russia was inferior to some Western countries in terms of qualitative indicators of economic growth. In Russia, capitalism did not exist in the form of a system, but as a structure that did not have the potential for development. This must be taken into account when assessing the current state of the "capitalist" system in Russia and the prospects for its further development.

 

Keywords: capital, capitalism, capitalist relationships, crisis.

 

Reference List

Bovykin, V. I., (1965) Revolution of 1905-1907. 96 p. (in Russ).

Druzhinin, N. M., (1972) Features of the Genesis of capitalism in Russia in comparison with Western Europe and the United States New and modern history. P. 14-35. (in Russ).

Druzhinin, N. Mmm. (1978) Russian village at the turn: 1861-1880. M.: Science. 287 p. (in Russ).

Dubrovsky, S. M., (1956) the Peasant movement in the revolution of 1905-1907. 168 p. (in Russ).

Engels, the third to The third Volume «Capital's» Part II. Exchange K. Marx, F. Engels. Op. 2-e Izd. Vol. 22. (in Russ).

Ershov B.A., (2010) Church tenure of the Russian province in the XIX century Society. Wednesday. Development. Pp. 38-42. (in Russ).

Ershov B.A., (2011) Family foundations of clergy in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX century. Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, cultural studies and art history. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 68-71. (in Russ).

Ershov B.A., (2011) Socio-psychological characteristics of clergymen of the provinces of the Central Chernozem Region in the 19th - early 20th centuries Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, cultural studies and art history. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 91-94. (in Russ).

History of Economics., (2000) 384 p. (in Russ).

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Khromov P., (1960) Essays on the Russian economy during the period of monopolistic capitalism. 240 p. (in Russ).

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Tarnowski, K. N., (1970). Problems of agrarian-capitalist evolution of Russia History of the USSR. Pp. 60-78. (in Russ).

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Download_Bozhko 2018.pdf


doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529553

 

Review article:

8. Avdeev, Alexander Aleksandrovich


"The use of Mobile Interaction Technologies for Teaching and Learning English in a non-language University"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 52-57.


Date of publication: 4 December, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

The present article is focused on the use of modern mobile interactive technologies in teaching and learning English in non-language universities. It considers the features of using mobile applications at English classes, presents a list of mobile technologies, used in the process of study, and assesses their scientific, methodological and didactic potential. In our study, we substantiate the necessity for wider use of mobile applications for training various language skills and improving the trainees’ command of English.

The paper contains the review of definitions, characterizing mobile language education and reflecting the viewpoints of prominent scholars on the problem of mobile learning. The main goals of mobile learning are outlined, along with the benefits of mobile applications as a tool of language education. The article also gives practical recommendations for students on how to employ mobile applications and programs in their practical study of English.

 

Keywords: Informatization, language education, mobile technologies, potential.

 

Reference List

Jarvis H., (2013) From Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) to Mobile Assisted Language Use (MALU) / H. Jarvis, M. Achilleos The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language. Pp. 1–12. (In Engl).

Traxler J., (2009) Current State of Mobile Learning Mobile Learning: Transforming the Delivery of Education and Training. Pp. 9–24. (In Engl).

Polat E.S., (2002) New pedagogical and information technologies in the system of education. 272 p. (In Engl).

Danilina E.K., The analysis of integrating mobile technologies into foreign language teaching at a university in Russia and abroad. https://doi.org/10.24158/spp.2018.4. Pp. 18-19. (in Russ).

Kazaryan A.G. (2009) Mobile technologies in training foreign languages. Tambov. Pp. 55-57. (in Russ).

Huang, C. and P. Sun. (2010) Using mobile technologies to support mobile multimedia English listening exercises in daily life. In: The International Conference on Computer and Network Technologies in Education. At: cnte2010.cs.nhcue.edu.tw/ Kennedy. (In Engl).

Levy. (2008). L’italiano al telefonino: Using SMS to support beginners’ language learning”. ReCALL, 20(3), Pp. 315–350. (In Engl).

Klopfer, E.; K. Squire, and H. Jenkins. (2002). Environmental Detectives: PDAs as a window into a virtual simulated world. Proceedings of IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education. Pp. 95-98. (In Engl).

Koole M., (2009). A model for framing mobile learning. Pp. 25–47. (In Engl).

Kukulska-Hulme A. and L. Shield. (2008). An Overview of Mobile Assisted Language Learning: Can Mobile Devices Support Collaborative Practice in Speaking and listening? portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1520087, accessed Jul. 2009. (In Engl).

Kukulska-Hulme, A. & J.Traxler. (2005) (Eds.). Mobile learning: A handbook for educators and trainers. London: Routledge. (In Engl).

Kukulska-Hulme., (2009) A. Will mobile learning change language learning?” Pp. 157-165. (In Engl).

Oxford R. and J. Oxford. [2009]. Second Language Teaching and Learning in the Next Generation, 2009. llt.msu.edu/vol14num1/review1.pdf. (In Engl).

Sharples. M., (2000) The design of personal mobile technologies for lifelong learning. Computers & Education. Pp. 177-193. (In Engl).

Stockwell. G., (2008) Investigating learner preparedness for and usage patterns of mobile learning. ReCALL. Pp. 253–270. (In Engl).

Thornton, P. & C.Houser., (2005) Using mobile phones in English education in Japan. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning”. Pp. 217–228. (In Engl).

Download_Avdeev 2018.pdf


doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529556

 

Review article:

9. Grishchenko, Marina Aleksandrovna, Melikhova, Maria Andreevna


"Civil War in the United States of America: Reasons and Features"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 58-63.


Date of publication: 8 December, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the analysis of the economic causes of the American Civil War. The subject of the research was an unusually complex set of relations between the North and the South. The article deals with the reasons for the development of separatism and its consequences. Since slavery in the southern states was not the only cause of the Civil War, other major economic reasons are explored.

The article deals with the economic benefits and disadvantages of slavery, the depression of 1861, changes in agricultural production and problems of social activity in the northern states. The focus is also on the financing of armies and the economic results of the war.

 

Keywords: Civil war, propaganda, USA, Confederate States of America, propaganda history, informational confrontation.

 

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Dolan J., (1993) Money, banking and monetary policy. Pp.78-103 (in Russ).

Faulkner H., (1960) American Economic History: 8th ed. New York; London, Pp. 135-234

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Ivanyan E. A. (2006) History of the United States. Pp. 37-75

Lavissa and Rambo. M., (1938). V. 6. The history of the XIX century Pp. 48-124 (in Russ).

Polyak, A. N. Markova G. B., (2004) History of the World Economy: a textbook for universities Pp.13-46. (in Russ).

Sevostyanova G. N., (2007) History of the United States 1607-1877. Pp. 35-76

Sivachev N.V., Yazkov E.F., (1990). Recent history of the United States, 1917 – 1972 Pp. 67-115. (in Russ).

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Timoshina T. M., (2002) The economic history of foreign countries Pp. 203-215 (in Russ).

Tocqueville Alexis (1992) Democracy in America. Pp. 15-46

Yazkov E.F., (2003) Modern United States of America. Pp. 87-98. (in Russ).

Yazkov E.F., (2004) History of modern times in Europe and America (1945-2000) Pp. 45-76. (in Russ).

Zinn G., (2006) National History of the USA: from 1492 to the present day. Pp .78-132 (in Russ).

Download_Grishchenko 2018.pdf


doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529560

 

Research article:

10. Sukhareva, Mariya Gennadievna


"Foreign Policy of the USSR in 1960-1970"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 64-68.


Date of publication: 8 December, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

This article deals with the Soviet foreign policy 60-70 of the last century, which solved the main problem of that period - reducing the confrontation between East and West. The foreign policy of the USSR in those years was aimed at achieving three main goals: to strengthen its influence in the socialist community, to unite the world system of socialism, to prevent the fall of any country from it; to improve relations with the developed countries of the West, especially with the United States, Germany, France, to ensure peaceful coexistence with them; to expand its sphere of influence in the "third world", to intensify military-technical and economic cooperation with developing countries.

This article will show us the role of the events that took place in that period, and to determine the advantages and disadvantages of the policy, to analyze the influence of the ideology of communism on the formation of the foreign policy of the USSR

In the preparation of the article specific historical, formational and social methods of research were used, which allowed to reveal facts, phenomena and processes in the relationship and unity of the past, present and future.

 

Keywords: USSR, Foreign policy, ideology, cold war.

 

Reference List

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Ashmarov I.A., (2014). Global contradictions of Russia and the West Actual problems of development of Russia and its regions: materials Vseross. scientific and practical conf. (November 11, 2014). Kurgan: Dammy Printing House LLC. Pp. 24-27. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., (2015). Crimean contradictions of Russia and the West Scientific Bulletin of the Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Social and Human Sciences. Issue number 2 (6). Pp. 58-63. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., (2015). The struggle for power as the eternal basis of conflicts in society Power and society: the practice of interaction and conflict. Materials of the Ninth Region. scientific conf. (Voronezh, February 2, 2015). Voronezh: Publishing house "Istoki". Pp. 408-412. (in Russ).

Bartenev S.A., (2004) Economic history. 390 p. (in Russ).

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Ershov, B.A., (2012) The Russian Orthodox Church in the system of public relations in the XIX– early XX centuries. (on materials of Central-Black earth Provinces) dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences / Kursk State University. 412 p. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) Historiographical aspects of the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and state structures in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX -early XX centuries. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Technical University. Series "Humanities". Pp. 188-192. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) State legal regulation of the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX - early XX centuries Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, culturology and arthistory. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 75-78. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2013) Russian Orthodox Church in the structure of public administration in the XIX -early XX centuries: Monograph "Voronezh State Technical University. 245 p. (in Russ).

Kuleshov S.V., Volobuev O.V., (1991) Our Fatherland. The experience of political history. 392 p. (in Russ).

Kuritsyn V.M., (1998) History of state and law of Russia. 1929-1940. 232 p. (in Russ).

Kuritsyn V.M., (2000) Handbook on the history of Russia. 348 p. (in Russ).

Lelchuk V.S., (2005) USSR in the 70-ies 405 p. (in Russ).

Lukyanov F., (2003) Brezhnev's Doctrine – Bush's doctrine in global politics. № 8.

Ostrovsky V.P., (1990) USSR history. 224 p. (in Russ).

Perevozchikova L.S., Ershov B.A., Ashmarov I.A., Volkova E.A. (2017) Role of Russian Orthodox Church in life of peasants in Russia in XIX - the beginning of the XX-th centuries. Bylye Gody Russian Historical Journal. №. 43 (1). Pp. 121-128.

Posternak A.V., (2001). Essays on the history of sisters of mercy communities. 304 p. (in Russ).

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Vert N., (2004) History of the Soviet state. 1900-1991. 480 p. (in Russ).

Download_Sukhareva № 2.pdf


doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529564

 

Review article:

11. Grinenko, Nikita Igorevich, Terehina, Ekaterina Alekseevna


"The Russian Peasantry in the XIX century: Life and Household"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 69-77.


Date of publication: 9 December, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

The article discusses the peculiarities of the life of peasants in the XIX century. During this period, the peasantry played a significant role in the life of Russian society. At the end of the XIX century, peasants accounted for more than 85 percent of the population of the Empire. The population of the peasants from the end of the XVII-th century to the beginning of the XX-th century increased significantly due to natural growth and the acquisition of new territories.

The XIX century in the history of the development of the Russian peasantry is a time of great changes and hopes for a bright future. The peasants ceased to be serfs. In addition, the peasants received the rights of "free rural residents", that is, full civil legal capacity in all that corresponded to their specific class rights and obligations, in particular, to acquire land.

 

Keywords: peasantry, state, culture, life, household.

 

Reference List

Ashmarov I.A., Domnikova L.V. (2007) The rise of the Russian economy at the turn of the XIX - XX centuries. Experience S. Yu. Witte. Strategy of Russia in the XXI century: the revival of global significance: materials of the regional scientific practical student. conf. / ed. N.A. Duskova. Voronezh: Voronezh State Technical University. Pp. 21-23. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., Merkulova Yu.M. (2007) Historical Causes of Russia's Lagging. War and Terrorism in the Past and the Present: Sociopolitical and Economic Aspects: Materials Interuniversity. scientific stud conf. Voronezh: Voronezh State University - International Institute of Computer Technologies. Pp. 130-131. (in Russ).

Chistov, K.V. (1987) Ethnography of Eastern Slavs. Sketches of traditional culture. Pp. 471-474. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) The Russian Orthodox Church in the system of public relations in the XIX– early XX centuries. (on materials of Central-Black earth Provinces) dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences. Kursk State University. 412 p. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) Historiographical aspects of the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and state structures in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX -early XX centuries. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Technical University. Series "Humanities". Pp. 188-192. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) State legal regulation of the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX - early XX centuries Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, culturology and arthistory. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 75-78. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2013) Russian Orthodox Church in the structure of public administration in the XIX -early XX centuries: Monograph "Voronezh State Technical University. 245 p. (in Russ).

Goryanin, A. (2006) Mythical community and real property Domestic Notes Journal. Vol. 30. №. 3. (in Russ).

Gromyko, M.M., (1991) The World of the Russian Village. Moscow: Young Guard. Pp. 66-74; 103-105. (in Russ).

Haxthausen, A. (1972) Studies on the interior of Russia. Chicago. Pp. 47-53. (in Russ).

Koshlev, V.A., Melgunov, B. V. and Budaragina, V. P. (2006) Memoirs of Russian Peasants of the 18th - First Half of the 19th Centuries. M .: New Literary Review. Pp. 687-689. (in Russ).

Lieven, D. (2006) The Cambridge history of Russia Volume II Imperial Russia 1689-1917. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 369-371. (in Russ).

Mee, Ar.; Hammerton, J. A .; Innes, Ar. D Harmsworth (1907) History of the World: Volume 7, Carmelite House, London. Pp. 51-93. (in Russ).

Pavlovskaya, A.V. (2009) The Russian World: Character, Life, and Morals - Moscow: Slovo. Pp.18-19.

Perevozchikova L.S., Ershov B.A., Ashmarov I.A., Volkova E.A. (2017) Role of Russian Orthodox Church in life of peasants in Russia in XIX - the beginning of the XX-th centuries. Bylye Gody Russian Historical Journal. №. 43 (1). Pp. 121-128. (in Russ).

Richmond, Y. (1992) From Nyet to Da: Understanding the Russia Intercultural Press. Pp. 87-91. (in Russ).

Selivanov, V. V. (1987) The Year of the Russian Farmer Letters from the village Essays on the peasantry in Russia in the second half of the XIX century. Pp. 112-114. (in Russ).

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Uspenskij, G., (1987) Peasantry and Peasant Labor Letters from the village. Essays on the peasantry in Russia in the second half of the XIX century. Pp. 447-450. (in Russ).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529566

 

Research article:

12. Shabunin, Andrey Pavlovich


"Results and Consequences of the First Russian Revolution in Russia"


№ 2, 2018,


Pp. 78-85.


Date of publication: 9 December, 2018


Article metadata

Abstract:

In article discusses the causes and consequences of the first Russian revolution of 1905-1907. The Russian revolution of 1905 played an important role in the transformation of the political system. For several years before 1905, and especially after the humiliating Russian-Japanese war (1904-1905), various social groups showed their displeasure with the Russian social and political system.

Their protests ranged from liberal rhetoric to strikes and included student unrest and terrorist killings. A general strike paralyzed the country after «Bloody Sunday». «Bloody Sunday» opens two years of revolution and fights with the government for civil liberties, justice and democracy.

 

Keywords: Revolution, monarchy, old regime, struggle, liberty, democracy.

 

Reference List

Ascher Ab., (1997) The Revolution of 1905: Russia in Disarray. Stanford Press. Pp. 40-51. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., Ershov B.A. (2018) Church as a social and economic institution of society in the XIX - early XX centuries. II International Scientific and Practical Conference "Orthodoxy and Society: the Edge of Interaction." Chita: Transbaikal State University. Pp. 33-41. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., Ershov B.A. (2014). The situation on the labor market of Russia at the final stage of the First World War. Russia in world wars and international conflicts (on the 100th anniversary of the First World War): proceedings of the Int. conf. Voronezh: Voronezh State Technical University. Part. 1. - Pp. 153-158. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A. (2014). Global contradictions of Russia and the West. Actual problems of development of Russia and its regions: materials Vseross. scientific and practical conf. (November 11, 2014) Kurgan: Dammy Printing House LLC. - Pp. 24-27. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., Korsun Yu.R. (2010). The economic consequences of the Russian-Japanese war Extremism, conflicts and wars: history and modernity: works of International conference. Voronezh: Voronezh State Technical University. Pp. 162-166. (in Russ).

Ashmarov I.A., (2008). Development of the domestic labor market at the beginning of the 20th century. Historical and economic research. Irkutsk: Baikal State University of Economics and Law. V.9. № 1. Pp. 43-57. (in Russ).

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Dillon E. J., (1918) The eclipse of Russia. Pp. 77-78. (in Russ).

Eklof B., Bushnell J., Zakharova L.G. (1994) Russia's Great Reforms, 1855-1881. Pp. 94-95. (in Russ).

Encyclopædia Britannica. History of Europe. Reform and reaction in Eastern Europe. Encyclopædia Britannica. Russian Revolution of 1905. 976 p. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) The Russian Orthodox Church in the system of public relations in the XIX– early XX centuries. (on materials of Central-Black earth Provinces) dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences / Kursk State University. 412 p. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) Historiographical aspects of the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and state structures in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX -early XX centuries. Bulletin of the Voronezh State Technical University. Series "Humanities". Pp. 188-192. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2012) State legal regulation of the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in the provinces of the Central Chernozem region in the XIX-early XX centuries. Historical, philosophical, political and legal sciences, culturology and arthistory. Questions of theory and practice. Pp. 75-78. (in Russ).

Ershov, B.A., (2013) Russian Orthodox Church in the structure of public administration in the XIX -early XX centuries: Monograph Voronezh State Technical University. 245 p. (in Russ).

Figes Or., (1996) A people's tragedy. A History of the Russian Revolution. Indiana University. Pp. 745-749. (in Russ).

Flerovsky I., (1925) Our First Workers and Peasants Revolution of 1905. 122 p. (in Russ).

Golovkov G.Z., (2006) 1905-1907. Milestones of mutual violence of power and revolution Russia and the modern world. Pp. 114-127. (in Russ).

Lieven D., (2006) The Cambridge History of Russia. Volume II. Imperial Russia, 1689-1917. Massacre of 1905. Pp. 317-320. (in Russ).

Nefedov S.A., (2008) The origins of the year 1905: "The revolution from the outside"? Questions of history. Pp. 47-59. (in Russ).

Pipes R., (2005) The Russian revolution. The agony of the old regime. 1905-1917. Production. Pp. 247-250. (in Russ).

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doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2529568


 

Full Journal Number

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